Automated Detection of Infant Holding Using Wearable Sensing: Implications for Developmental Science and Intervention


Physical contact is critical for children’s physical and emotional growth and well-being. Previous studies of physical contact are limited to relatively short periods of direct observation and self-report methods. These methods limit researchers’ understanding of the natural variation in physical contact across families, and its specific impacts on child development. In this study we develop a mobile sensing platform that can provide objective, unobtrusive, and continuous measurements of physical contact in naturalistic home interactions. Using commercially available motion detectors, our model reaches an accuracy of 0.870 (std: 0.059) for a second-by-second binary classification of holding. In addition, we detail five assessment scenarios applicable to the development of activity recognition models for social science research, where required accuracy may vary as a function of the intended use. Finally, we propose a grand vision for leveraging mobile sensors to access high-density markers of multiple determinants of early parent-child interactions, with implications for basic science and intervention.

In Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (IMWUT), ACM.